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2) Sentence structure.
Have you ever had that friend that always only texts you back one-word answers? Yep. Do you have a friend that texts you back in flawless English with perfect punctuation? You might even be that friend. Who we are often results in how we structure the things that we say. For speakers, it is not always as conscious as it is for an author to write out a dialogue, but it will and does matter.
Who talks like this? "Kill you, he will." That's right, Yoda. This is a genius, though perhaps a little clunky and heavy-handed way of differentiating Yoda from every single character in the Star Wars Multiverse.
If you're like me, you rehearse how you plan to carry out a conversation far in advance. I run through possible topics and my possible responses like a machine. (Maybe an anxiety machine, but still...) Thus, when someone turns to me and says 'so, tell us about ______', 9 times out of 10 I will freeze, blush, and stammer something before I get started. I can shove all that panic away once I am able to sort through my brain for what I want to say. Your characters might be like me.
Things to do: make a note of the structure of sentences when a character is facing different emotions. Do they stop and make soliloquies in the midst of a battle? Is your taciturn character always taciturn? Is your bubbly character always full of words? What situations might make them reverse roles?
Things not to do: Copy Yoda's way of speaking. It's his. Let it be.
Things to remember: Your narrator, depending on what POV you choose to write in, also should have a personality and his or her own set of unique vocabulary words, structure, and agendas. Even if you're using an omniscient narrator or POV, don't let them be boring.
That's all for this character voice lesson! What has been the most helpful for you?